India is passing through an unprecedented phase of demographic changes which is likely to contribute to an ever increasing size of labour force in the country. The Census projection report shows that the proportion of population in the working age group (15-59 years) is likely to increase to more than 64% by 2021
In absolute numbers, there will be approximately 63.5 million new entrants to the working age group of 15-59 years between 2011 and 2016.A population “bulge” in the working age groups, however large the total population, is seen as an important advantage characterised as a “demographic dividend”. But the unemployment among rural youth (age 15-24 years) is approximately 12 to 15% and substantiate number of them are just employedseasonally. Only 25 to 30% women in rural and 15 to 18% in urban areas participate in labour market revealing gender related limitations. This highlights the need for the policy / specific program intervention to focus on youth in the labour force, particularly to reap the benefits of demographic dividend.
The National Rural Livelihood Mission constituted by Government aims to eradicate rural poverty by building sustainable institution of rural poor which ultimately leads them to sustainable livelihood. But, there are various Government institutions which are also planning and implementing their own standalone livelihood programs. There are also various Non-Government organizations implementing livelihood initiatives at different scale, mode and varied level of understanding. A specific rural livelihood policy which provides a focus while appreciating diversity and innovation is of dire requirement at this stage.
GRAAM’s Rural Livelihood portfolio specifically endeavours in understanding the dynamics of rural livelihood situations, policies and schemes related to initiatives. The focus is to understand the outcome of various initiatives in improving standard of living of the beneficiaries and mechanisms existing within the key implementing agencies in planning the program understanding the prevailing labour maker situation.
Focus of the portfolio:
- Rural Livelihood – Policy Gaps and Need for Exclusive Rural Livelihood Policy
- Non-Farm Skills Development programs for rural youth
- Livelihood Program – Convergence and Inclusive Approach
- Understand Labour Market Scenario in Karnataka
GRAAM team members are having an experience in implementing rural livelihood and skill development programs. The team comprises of researchers having expertise in agriculture science, rural development and management disciplines. GRAAM designed the Strategic Focus Document for Karnataka Rural Livelihood Mission (KSRLM) and also provided an complete establishment. The study conducted by GRAAM in collaboration with Cornell Universities understanding impact of self-help group model in on Economic Empowerment and Well-being on Persons with Disabilities in the SERP Program, Andhra Pradesh, India also provided a wider understanding of rural livelihood programs for marginalized community.
Projects undertaken by GRAAM related to rural livelihood:
- Strategy focus document for Karnataka Rural Livelihood Mission (provide hyperlink to the document available in publication section)
- Pilot study on inclusion of PWDs in MGNREGA in Kolar
- Studying Impact of Participation in Self-help Groups on Livelihood, Economic Empowerment, and Community Inclusion for Persons with Disabilities
- Labour Market Survey Combating Child Labour and Economic Exploitation Amongst Adolescents