Evaluation of Nirmala Grama Puraskar awarded Gram Panchayaths in Karnataka
Government of India initiated the incentive scheme named Nirmal Gram Puraskar (NGP) in 2003, to recognize the efforts of Grama Panchayaths (GPs) that are fully sanitized and open defecation free. This scheme is hoped to add rigour and fillip to Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) and provide incentive for Panchayath Raj Institutions (PRIs) to achieve the objectives of TSC. TSC is a comprehensive programme to ensure sanitation facilities in rural areas with the broader goal to eradicate the practice of open defecation.
In Karnataka, the implementation of Total Sanitation Campaign began in 2005 and NGP awards have been given in Karnataka since 2007-08. So far, 1067 GPs have received this award throughout the state. Further, 6 taluks have been awarded NGP at the taluk level. Dakshina Kannada is the only district in Karnataka to have been awarded NGP at the district level.
The objective of this evaluation is to assess the present status of sustainability of the sanitation in NGP awarded GPs in 28 districts of the State, focusing on the usage and maintenance of Individual Household Latrines (IHHLs), School and Anganawadi latrines, Community sanitation complexes and Solid and Liquid Waste Management in NGP GPs. The evaluation was carried out in 107 GPs (10% of the awarded GPs) of the state, covering GPs that were awarded NGP between 2007 to 2011-12. The final report of the evaluation can be found here
|Sample field sites||Districts: 27, Taluks: 74, GPs: 107|
|Partner Agency/Client||Nirmal Bharath Abhiyan, Dept of RDPR, GOK|
Gallery of field work under the evaluation study
The field evaluation of Nirmala Grama Puraskar awarded GPs was carried out between the months of March 2013 – April 2013. As part of the evaluation, the field teams visited 107 GPs, covering 74 taluks in 28 districts. The evaluation activities covered visits to Anganwadis, Schools, households and village sanitation facilties together with discussion with GP members and personnel.