Baseline study of sanitation and hygiene in selected city schools


Dec 2011 – Apr 2012


This is a baseline study of sanitation and water infrastructure in schools, their usage and upkeep, and ways in which hygiene and sanitation issues are incorporated into the school teaching / pedagogy. 12 Government schools each in Mysore (Karnataka) and Tirupati (Andhra Pradesh), located in the underserved and excluded areas of the city, were surveyed. Both the cities have relatively small yet effective Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) and the results of the study are likely to be of interest to them. The study provided baseline information to the GIZ GmbH supported program for improving hygiene and sanitation in schools (GIZ GmbH is a German agency that is supporting the Ministry of Urban Development, Govt of India in implementing the National Urban Sanitation Policy).

Project partners

  • India WASH Forum
  • 4 ULBs of Mysore and Tirupati

Key outputs during the year

  • A workshop was conducted to develop the study questionnaire, involving all stakeholders. The questionnaire has 3 components. The first one is on essential information of the school, socio-economic profile of students and staff, school infrastructure, etc. The second section will map out the existing sanitation and hygiene infrastructure of the school, its status and usage and the institutional or informal arrangements for its maintenance / upkeep. The third section focuses on hygiene education provided by the school to its wards.
  • The schools were identified in consultation with the ULBs and data was collected from those schools by GRAAM’s researchers. This data was subsequently analyzed.